Myomas are benign tumors of the uterus and the most common benign tumors of the female genital tract. They are often associated with infertility.


  • are often associated with sarcomas (malignant). Both have nothing to do with each other. However, despite modern diagnostic methods, sarcomas cannot usually be distinguished from myomas.
  • are hormone-dependent.
  • affect up to 70% of women of childbearing age during their lifetime.
  • are mostly frequently diagnosed in women between the age of 35 and 50.
  • in the European Union (EU) and North America alone, 24 million (EU) and 20 million (North America) women have been diagnosed with myomas.
  • are probably partly genetic, as they are more common in African American women than in Caucasian women.
  • are symptomatic in about 30 – 50 % of the affected women.
  • cause about 1/3 of the affected women to report sick regularly.
  • are economically relevant. They are the reason for around 175,000 inpatient hospital stays in Germany every year.
  • are the most common cause of gynecological operations, especially hysterectomies (removal of the uterus).
  • but can also be asymptomatic and should then be “left in peace”

Uterus myomatosus